General cargo vessel RHOSUS called Beirut, Lebanon, in October last year. [24] The Rhosus soon ran out of provisions, and the remaining crew were unable to disembark due to immigration restrictions. The economy of Lebanon was in a state of crisis before the explosions, with the government having defaulted on debt, the pound plunging, and a poverty rate that had risen past 50%. But that additional cargo proved too heavy for the Rhosus and the crew refused to take it … The morning before the explosion, the head of the Rafik Hariri University Hospital, which served as the main coronavirus medical facility in Leb… Contractor Knew of Explosive Material in Beirut Since at Least 2016", "Hangar 12: fireworks were stored next to ammonium nitrate in Beirut warehouse, former workers say", "Beirut port blast death toll rises to 190", "Lebanon explosion: Deadly fuel tank blast rocks Beirut", "At least 43 Syrians among people killed in Beirut blast: Al Mayadeen", "Number of Armenians killed in Beirut explosion climbs to 13", "Missing Bangladeshi worker found dead in Beirut hospital", "Filipinos killed in Beirut blast rises to 4 while 31 injured", "Three Egyptians killed in Beirut explosion: Ministry", "Egypt repatriates bodies of three nationals killed in Beirut blast – Politics – Egypt", "Two Palestinian refugees succumb to wounds sustained in Beirut explosion", "Second Belgian death confirmed in Beirut explosion", "2 Canadians among those killed in Beirut explosion: Trudeau", "They were laid off and far from home. [2] In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic had overwhelmed many of the country's hospitals, several of which already were short of medical supplies and unable to pay staff due to a financial crisis. [190][191] Volunteers removed debris while local business owners offered to repair damaged buildings for free in the absence of a state-sponsored cleanup operation. It's all destroyed. [37][38] On arrival the fire crew reported there was "something wrong" as the fire was huge and produced "a crazy sound". [40][140] Four nurses died from the initial blast, fifteen patients died after their ventilators stopped working, and several child cancer patients were injured by flying glass. [122] French architect Jean-Marc Bonfils died after suffering serious injuries at his apartment in the East Village building in Mar Mikhaël. The Sursock Museum was severely damaged, as were many of its artworks, and some ceramics were completely destroyed. The ship was leased by Igor Grechushkin, a Russian businessman living in Cyprus, to transport a dangerous cargo: 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate, a chemical compound used to make fertilizers and explosives. [173], The government formed an investigation committee led by Prime Minister Hassan Diab, which will submit its findings to the Council of Ministers of Lebanon by 11 August. The Lebanese government declared a two-week state of emergency in response to the disaster. The New York Times has published satellite images of the submerged hull of the ship, the MV Rhosus, on the northern edge of the port. The MV Rhosus was initially confiscated by Lebanese authorities in 2013 under an order by local inspectors in Beirut after it had entered the port due … [57][58] Later, they were able to quantitatively support this rapid estimate as they compiled more distance versus time of arrival data as new videos of the explosion in Beirut became available on social media platforms. [59] This is equal to around 1 GWh of energy. [74] An American diplomatic cable on 7 August said it "remains unclear ... whether fireworks, ammunition or something else stored next to the ammonium nitrate might have been involved" in worsening the warehouse fire and igniting the ammonium nitrate. For the Beirut explosions in 1983, see, Aftermath of the explosion, with the destroyed grain silos to the left and the flooded. In addition to those countries which provided aid, others offered to do so. [60] Another study used several videos of the explosion to describe the evolution of the fireball size and estimated the Beirut explosion yield between 0.9 and 1.1 kt of TNT. [180][181] In the meantime, Lebanon's state prosecutor Ghassan Oueidat ordered a travel ban on seven individuals including Hassan Koraytem. [49][50] The orange-red colour of the smoke was caused by nitrogen dioxide, a byproduct of ammonium nitrate decomposition. The vessel RHOSUS (IMO: 8630344 ) is a General Cargo Ship built in 1986 (34 years old) and currently sailing under the flag of Unknown. [195] The money pledged was not to be given to the Lebanese government, but rather to the people of Lebanon through the United Nations, other international organizations, and non-governmental organizations. Hazardous materials found at port (Imagery post event)", "Lebanese Army Just Found Over 4 Tons Of Explosive Material Near Beirut Port", "Dozens killed, thousands wounded in Beirut blast: Live updates", "What Is Ammonium Nitrate, Blamed in the Beirut Explosion? [52], Despite inefficient transmission of the shock waves into the ground,[c] the United States Geological Survey measured the event as a 3.3 local magnitude earthquake,[53][54][44] while the Jordan Seismological Observatory reported that it was equivalent to a 4.5 local magnitude earthquake. [j] Notably, Israel offered aid via UN channels, as Israel and Lebanon have no diplomatic ties and are technically at war;[231][232][233] the offer was refused by the Lebanese government. The government has not named the source of the ammonium nitrate, but the same amount of the chemical arrived in Beirut in November 2013 on a Moldovan-flagged cargo ship, the MV Rhosus. The Port of Beirut eleven days after the disaster. [132] However, part of the silos' sturdy structure survived, shielding a large area of western Beirut from greater destruction. But as the journalism we do is costly, we invite readers for whom The Times of Israel has become important to help support our work by joining The Times of Israel Community. [158][168][119], Hapag-Lloyd's offices in Beirut were destroyed. The story ends with a massive explosion — and a hidden ship. And ceiling tiles were shaken loose by the Iranian Red Crescent Society 121 ], Warehouses in the month. 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